Home Fire Prevention

Home Fire Prevention https://learningcentre.statefarm.ca/safety-2/home-1/home-fire-prevention/ bb3 Sep 11, 2011

By Staff writer State Farm™ Employee

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Electrical Systems

To reduce fire and shock hazards, make sure that your electrical system is installed and maintained by a qualified electrician and that the size of your electrical system is adequate for your needs.

Fuses And Breakers

  • Make sure electric panels are accessible and labeled.
  • Use only the correct size fuses for the wiring being protected.
  • Frequently blown breakers or fuses may indicate an overloaded circuit. The system should be inspected by a qualified electrician.
  • Arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCIs) can be used to detect low level arcing inside the walls that could eventually lead to a fire.

Extension Cords

  • Do not use extension cords as permanent wiring.
  • Do not run extension cords under rugs or other floor coverings.
  • Use the correct type of extension cord for the electrical need of the device it is servicing.

Receptacles And Switches

  • Have proper covers for all electrical switches and receptacles.
  • Contact an electrician if these items spark or if they smell like they are burning or overheating.
  • Use receptacles designed for exterior use when placed outside the building.
  • Protect outdoor receptacles and any receptacles near a water source with ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs).

Appliances And Tools

  • Only use appliances and tools listed by a recognized testing laboratory such as Underwriters Laboratories of Canada (ULC).
  • Protect electrical appliances with surge suppressors.
  • Contact your local utility company for information on a surge suppression system to protect your electrical system.
  • Use a battery backup system for computers to protect data.

Heating System

Heating systems should be properly installed and regularly maintained to prevent fire and asphyxiation hazards.


Install heating systems in accordance with manufacturer's specifications.


Regular maintenance is important for safety, efficiency, and energy savings.

Chimney And Vents

Make sure that chimneys and vents are installed properly and clear of obstructions.


  • Keep areas around heating appliances clean and free of combustible materials.
  • Do not store flammable liquids or combustible materials near heating appliances.

Smoke And Carbon Monoxide Detectors

  • Install smoke and carbon monoxide detectors on each level of your business.
  • Test detectors monthly and replace batteries as needed.

Plumbing System

The plumbing system should be installed and repaired by a qualified plumbing contractor.


Properly insulate pipes to help reduce the possibility of them freezing. Maintain heat in buildings while they are unoccupied to reduce the potential for damage from frozen pipes.

Appliances And Equipment

If you have washing machines, check hoses periodically for signs of cracking and brittleness. Worn or old hoses should be replaced.

Learning Center Forum Topic

Have you ever had a house fire?
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